Euskal Artzain Txakurra


Its origins date back thousands of years. This has been confirmed by found remains and some paintings from medieval times. Although it almost became extinct, This breed even today, is still highly valued for grazing work and as a companion animal.

Another cause of its near extinction were the wolf attacks on the cattle, creating great losses to the owners. They blamed their Basque Shepherds for such a disaster and decided to replace them with mastiffs. This happened particularly in the provinces of Guipuzcoa and Navarra, although this was not the case in Álava and Bizkaia. In the latter, they alternated the pastoral work of the Basque Shepherd with that of guardian of the flock and the hamlet. This made this race still necessary, extending its existence.

Something that influenced its existence were the contests of grazing dogs. The Basque Shepherd did not go unnoticed, arousing great admiration for his work so well done. This led the Basque Pastor to be recognized as EAT (Euskal Artzain Txakurra), thus giving him a Basque name, recognizing that he belongs to this country and that its inhabitants are proud of it.

However, today, This species has only 696 recognized specimens. If you have one, you are lucky! Not only for its rarity, but for its beauty and pleasant personality, which we will see next.


The Basque Shepherd has two varieties:

  • Goirbeikoa His hair is reddish and slightly curly and his tail is long and hairy. Its size is medium, being able to reach twenty kilos.
  • Iletsua His hair is lighter in color, reached a tan tone and sometimes blond and not as curly as the previous one. His tail is short. The size in both varieties is similar.

The Basque Shepherd is an athletic, energetic and agile dog. This will mean that if you decide to have one, you should know that you should take it for a walk, run and play with them to burn the accumulated energy. The Basque Shepherd will adapt both to living outside and inside, whether large or small. It is an intelligent, sociable dog and, if you want to use it as a guardian or pastor, you will see that it is very hardworking and dedicated to its work.

Its sociable character makes the Basque Shepherd an ideal dog to be with children. It is not a delicate dog to care for since its health is excellent and its immune system very strong. Although the same cannot be said for his hair, which although it is a characteristic that a precious animal does, it will be difficult to keep it in good condition.

You should spend time each day brushing it so that it looks untangled and shiny, since otherwise, knots will form that you will then be forced to cut.

As you can see, we still don't know everything about the different breeds of dogs in the world. Even within our country, today we have learned more about this great unknown: The Basque Shepherd. A companion dog, adaptable, hardworking, sociable and intelligent that will make your family and you have a good time at your side and that will protect you with your life no matter what.

If you are an animal lover who is willing to help you, choosing a Basque Shepherd as a pet would be a good way to do it. The species would be perpetuated, if only because dog breeders want to enrich themselves with those most demanded breeds. But well, after all, our goal would be to help the Basque shepherd stay alive for thousands of years.

Basque Shepherd Size

In both cases, the proportions of the Basque shepherd are similar. Its size is medium, with an approximate height of between 45 and 60 centimeters in general, always a little higher in the case of males than females. As for the weight, it remains around 17 and 36 kilos. The great advantage of its size is that it is perfect for any type of housing, and also manageable for people who do not have too much experience with dogs.

Basque Shepherd Fur

The mantle of the Basque shepherd is of medium length, slightly longer in the case of the Iletsua variety. In both cases it acquires a curly appearance, so it needs to be brushed frequently to prevent the formation of knots in its coat.

The color does change depending on the variety, being cinnamon in the case of the Basque shepherd Iletsua, and a strong reddish or fire in the case of the Basque shepherd of the gorbea, although they can present very similar tones in some occasions.

Basque Pastor Behavior

As for his temperament, the Basque shepherd has no differentiation by type. It is an animal with an exceptional character, very sociable and affectionate, who loves spending time with his family playing and receiving caresses.

He is also very intelligent and learns very fast, so his training and education is usually quite simple. He is also a born worker, so he will always be willing to perform new activities that imply that he carries out some task. Despite all his energy, at home he is usually calm, since he is a very balanced animal by nature and knows how to behave in all situations.

This breed is very obedient and affectionate, as well as loyal and protective with its owners. Create a very strong bond with them, so you will not take loneliness too well for hours inside the house. In any case, it is an animal with an excellent temperament, nothing aggressive, which can be a bit territorial if it develops a lot of herding instinct, but easily controllable with a good education from a puppy.

How to train a Basque shepherd dog

Training an iletusa Basque shepherd dog is as simple or complicated as doing it with any other breed of shepherd dog. These animals are very intelligent and have a good predisposition to obey their owners, but they also have an overflowing energy that they should spend daily if you want them to be focused during the training moments.

It is advisable, however, to follow guidelines with all breeds of Basque shepherd dogs, such as selecting the same time of day to start learning work, do it in rather short sessions, and intersperse training with game times, honey and fun

If you follow these tips, you will see that your dog begins to obey complex orders in no time. Whether for work or as a companion animal, the Basque shepherd is an excellent dog, so strive to educate him correctly and thus be able to enjoy the most intense relationship with your best friend.

Main diseases of the Basque Shepherd

The health of the Basque shepherd is also enviable, it has a very strong immune system and hardly suffers from diseases, beyond the most typical of dogs that can contract. Genetically has no predisposition to suffer any disease, as it happens with other races, so to keep it in perfect condition it will be enough to follow healthy daily habits.


The EAT is a working dog and as such requires great daily physical activity in wide or open spaces. Inside the house it is quite quiet, although in his field trips he becomes tireless and explosive.

These dogs need a good amount of daily physical exercise. Ideally, take them out several times a day on fairly long departures (ideally at least three departures of at least more than an hour and a half or two hours spread throughout the day). Not going out enough and living "locked up" accumulate too much energy that can cause them restlessness and frustration that can lead to unwanted behavior. It should also be noted that a daily walk with the dog attached to the leash will not provide enough exercise. Ideally, find an open and safe area (there are parks that allow release at certain times or all day through certain areas) where the dog can run freely for a while. If the dog performs an adequate exercise routine, it is very quiet at home, but for this he needs active owners.


Regarding the relationship of the EAT with its owner, this is an animal single personThis makes him a very faithful dog and maintains a very close relationship with his master who does not separate and who follows everywhere, indefatigable. The bonds of union that are created are very strong. The EAT is very accommodating to the one it considers its main partner.

The EAT is also a dog very sociable, you need to feel part of a group and have a function within it. Therefore, despite the unconditional and primordial attachment to his master, he is very sociable and responsible with those whom he considers his family. Usually watch out for elderly and children, especially to the smallest ones for which they usually let themselves do almost anything.

Anyway, despite how well you can take with the children and how quiet it is with them, it is important that they know how to interact with a dog, the dog will be happy watching the little ones and will want to play with those who already have more liveliness . For example, EATs often love to play “pilla pilla” chasing them again and again, it is important that the child knows that if he wants to stop the game he must stop running.

Pastor by nature tends to try control and bring people together, especially to the closest ones, almost as if they were sheep, especially in the walks. He loves to go in the middle, next to the master, and keep checking that nobody moves away, strives to bring us all together.

Being a single person dog, it may be the case that he may become a little distrustful of other people and not obey them much. To avoid this, especially when you have it as a pet and live in society, it should be socialized from an early age and manipulated by all family members.

Basic care of the Basque Shepherd

The basic care of the Basque shepherd has to do mainly with his level of exercise and with his education, since his health tends to be well maintained by his own strength. However, it is recommended to go to the veterinarian frequently to perform a review, and to keep up to date your schedule of vaccinations and deworming.

As for its coat, it is necessary to brush it frequently to avoid the formation of knots, at least two or three times a week. In addition, it is advisable to bathe it every 6 or 8 weeks so that your fur is clean and in the best conditions of shine.

The most important thing in this can is to offer you the possibility of exercising in every possible way, walking, running and playing. Activities such as Agility or obedience training are perfect for developing a closer relationship with the animal and for your physical health to be unbeatable.

Education and socialization is quite simple in this breed, especially if it is done properly in the Basque shepherd puppy. It is an animal that learns very quickly and is always in a good disposition to obey, so a positive training will achieve results very quickly.

If you are thinking of acquiring a puppy of this breed, the first step will be to find an experienced and specialized breeder. It will not be an easy task, since currently there are not many specialized breeding sites in the Basque shepherd, but with the right effort you will get to enjoy the best possible copy, with all the necessary guarantees about your health, and that it can also offer you first-class information hand over the race. The Basque shepherd is a dog with very desirable characteristics for a pet, so do not doubt that he can be the perfect companion of adventures for many years.


The EAT is one of the best shepherd dogs we can find, especially among those of thrust. Very adapted to the environment of mountainous camps in which it has been developed, it is a very versatile dog in terms of adaptation to the terrain.

The EAT is not just a grazing dog is a "Shepherd dog", because he has a certain self-sufficiency that makes him (despite the devotion he feels for the pastor and the obedience with which he follows his orders) to make decisions with some independence when circumstances advise him, as opposed to the "shepherd dog" he fulfills Only the orders given by the pastor in a somewhat mechanized way.

This precision is very necessary because, for example when collecting cows or horses that graze extensively, the dog must be able to do it on his own since distances, speed and orography mean that man cannot Follow the cattle.

It is precisely the orography that has ended up determining the tendency to graze this dog. Versatile, very intelligent, capable of following the pastor's guidelines and improvising their own when the moment requires it, balanced and safe when working, a great dog thrust that with good obedience and good training is also able to adapt to control movements, adapted to steep terrain but also skilled in large fields, tends to work with explosions of energy attentive to the orders of the pastor to then stop, breathe, Observe the situation and return to work. It is a dog that satisfies to the extreme the work well done and please his master, that is his greatest reward.

He is really an incredible dog in his field of work that has much to contribute and that due to ignorance and the comfort of not showing control to some foreign breeds not so well adapted, he is being displaced and in greater danger It is possible that before, but it is a dog that is really worth it and much, and that surprises the one who tries it.

He works with a lot of emotion and loves to herd cattle when he is allowed so that most, although not all, usually bark while doing so.


We must bear in mind that due to its marked pastoral and guardian instincts, the EAT is a very intelligent, obedient, moved, tireless, somewhat territorial animal, a dog with a nerve. For all this for a correct training the EAT requires a firm leader to transmit authority and tranquility equally.

The ideal to start training with our dog (and something we recommend from here) is to start with a small basic obedience canine education course. In this course you will be taught to sit, lie down, stay still, move again to an order of the trainer, to walk with you without pulling and some more tricks. It is something very important to learn, the minimum that a dog should know, especially if it is going to live in a somewhat more urban environment. In addition, this strengthens ties and increases trust with your master and other people. It is best to start this course when the dog is still a puppy because it will better assimilate these concepts as something else in his life, but in reality given the intelligence of these dogs it does not matter much the age to start training and socialization and can also be done when The dog is already an adult.

The EAT is a very obedient dog, but due to its intelligence and curiosity it needs understand why of things, including orders, is a dog that is happy working and being helpful, pleasing the owner. When he sees justified things he internalizes the order better and heeds it more conscientiously. This eagerness to understand things has given them an undeserved reputation as stubborn but it is not so, if the dog is treated with authority and tranquility, understanding a little how those hairy little heads work and we have some patience, we will have the most resistant and accommodating dog world at our feet. The EAT has a permanent joy, a look that is constantly asking and requiring. They don't talk but they don't need it, they are very expressive and with their look and gestures they are perfectly understood. It ends up generating a language between owner and dog full of nuances that makes us understand each other perfectly in the slightest gesture.

That the EAT is so obedient with its owner it makes it very rewarding to train them. They learn very fast and retain what they have learned for a long time, they end up knowing a lot of words and some orders can learn them even in several different languages. They are strong, sweet, resistant and also very felt companions. Understanding this will help us in your training.

To train an EAT well, you have to be gentle but firm. You have to keep in mind that with tougher methods of intimidation the dog ends up obeying, but with this dog they don't go very well and to get the dog to not only obey but also Learn, you have to do it by earning us your respect and trust because you keep it and otherwise forget or feel little desire to obey soon. These dogs are excited to work in any field, to please and not to disappoint us, but they are also discouraged by their failures. They give incredible results with a firm positive education.

As for the reprimands to the dog it is necessary to take into account that as a grazing dog they cannot afford to fail their master or disappoint him, this, despite his great psychological strength, makes them very felt animals. That is why you have to be firm in the corrections but consistent, be careful to fight them unfairly or when they cannot understand the reason, the dog is offended and saddened by avoiding the look of his master. However, when he knows he deserves the reprimand, he accepts it with dignity, learns and tries to soften the tension based on pampering or some grace.

Because it is a sheepdog, it is a dog with a lot of nerve that needs to release a lot of energy and intellectual challenges. To ensure that our dog is focused and does not develop a negative behavior we must try to be able to give a balance between the two creating a good atmosphere for him and giving him certain activities. If they don't have it, they can feel frustrated and become somewhat destructive.

They need to feel a good balance between mind and body. As we mentioned in the EAT in grazing, if the dog is actively engaged in grazing it has its needs>needs of an EAT . Another thing that can also be a useful activity for him and that requires some effort is to monitor his human family and his property, the important thing is to keep the dog interested, busy and active.

We must be careful with a dangerous tendency of the dog derived from boredom and the frustrated instincts of grazing in the EAT that are taken as pets: chasing cars, even tractors. Seeing them move fast and their instinct to graze, to surround and herd make them tend to go towards them or their wheels and can cause very unpleasant accidents. In urban environments it can also occur but as a rule it usually occurs in more open areas where few cars circulate because they attract more attention and set the objective more. You have to be very careful with this, but you can correct it, it will take a lot of patience and a few attention calls and sweets, because the instinct is very strong, but you can get to be able to walk quite relaxed with our dog. One tip is to create the “car” order and get this dog to come along with us and sit on the side of the road waiting for this to pass, to be safer also reinforce eye contact with our dog at that time So I don't focus on the car. In any case, you must be the ones who are attentive and call the dog in time and first of all do not let go if you do not dominate it completely, it is preferable to take the dog on a leash to stay without a dog.

For more notions of obedience with our dogs we invite you to consult the section basic obedience within the «dog tips«.

Finally, I will try to clarify the territoriality of the EAT, because it is not something negative, it is also derived from the fact that for a long time it has combined its work of grazing with those of guard of the hamlet. This is why he is a great vigilant, unbearable, and distrustful of any stranger and intruder who will bark desperately as if he were going to kill them. It warns very clearly that in its territory nobody is welcome if its owner does not say otherwise, but wants to be useful, so it avoids direct conflict unless its owner is in real danger (although it does not seem like how they bark and if not you know it imposes a lot).

To try to exemplify it a bit I will do it with my bitches: every time the wallet comes it seems that they will devour it if it dares to approach, however when we open it to pick up a package or they find it walking along the street they get excited and run to greet her to eat her ... to kisses. On the other hand they are very attentive to those who come and to our reactions to them because not everyone greets them effusively, if our treatment is not close or we keep certain distances they will also behave well but with suspicion and maintaining the distances even if the person enters House. And as a curious fact that "territoriality" makes them have the need to be noticed at times, if for example they are with me on the street loose or do nothing, they greet people, other dogs and cats ... they are next to us, but if Someone or a dog comes that they don't like instead of staying calm outside they run in and start barking like crazy behind the fence. Basically this is the territoriality of the EAT in making it very clear that care that they are there protecting their home even if they are good afterwards unless the danger is real.

The varieties of the Basque Shepherd Dog

There are two varieties of the Basque Shepherd Dog: Gorbeiakoa and Iletsua. Its biggest difference to the naked eye is its fur, in fact, the meaning of the Basque word iletsua means woolly. The most obvious difference, and what is recognized at first sight is the fur of the dogs, the Gorbeiakoa has a more silky, soft and, in general, well attached to the body while the Iletsua, of lighter tones, has a rougher and slightly curly coat, which looks bulky.

Although the RSCE recognizes two varieties of the same breed, the two associations that represent it in Spain (on the one hand EATE (official and acting nationally) and, on the other EATA (friendly association and acting regionally ), have, among their main objectives, to ensure that they are recognized as what they are, that is, two differentiated races, as confirmed by the ancestral knowledge of the people of the Basque Country and the experts from the field of the university, where they defended , in 1995, a doctoral thesis that opened the way to the admission of the race in the RSCE.

Both varieties have, of course, a friendly character, very attached to the owner and have natural skills for grazing. If they are also trained for work since they are puppies, you will have the best companion for your work as a pastor. In addition, given the tranquility of his character, if what you want is a life partner, you can choose a Basque Shepherd Dog with the security of choosing well.

There are clear differences between both varieties: The Euskal Artzain Txakurra Iletsua is rustic in appearance and remembers, with nuances, dogs like the Gos d´Atura or the Berger des Pyrénées. The Iletsua can be distinguished by the following characteristics:

The Iletsua is among those that are considered woolly dogs, their fur is longer and leafier than that of Gorbeiakoa.

  • Its fur is fawn blonde or cinnamon.
  • His ears are located back of the head.
  • They can measure between 47 and 61 centimeters.
  • Their weight, according to the standard, ideal varies between 17 and 29 kilos females and between 18 and 36 kilos males.
  • Its snout is shorter than that of the Gorbeiakoa.
  • Its tail is a little shorter than that of the Gorbeiakoa, but it is not a very pronounced difference.

For its part, the Euskal Artzain Txakurra Gorbeiakoa is a dog with stylized lines. If we want to make comparisons, we can find similarities between this grazing dog with breeds such as the German Shepherd, the Belgian and the border collie among others. As a curiosity, it is well documented that the Australian Shepherd is an inheriting breed of the Gorbeiakoa who traveled with Basque families who emigrated to Australia.

  • The Euskal Artzain Txakurra Gorbeiakoa can be distinguished by the following characteristics:
  • His face is more clear of hairs.
  • Its color, according to the RSCE is fire red, met> Puppies of the Basque Shepherd Dog

The most important stage is the first months of life of puppy. First of all you have to make sure of the origins of the dog. Choosing a breeder but responsible will make the difference between a healthy and balanced dog from one that is not. You have to have very much as the puppies they should not leave the nest until they reach at least two months of age, a period in which they will learn to interact with their mother, their siblings and the people who live in the environment. The first three months of the puppy's life will determine the degree of socialization they will have during the rest of their life. To all of the above, it is of course essential to ensure that the dog has been given the vaccines that correspond to him according to his age, that the microchip has been placed. Finally, it is very important to ask the breeder for the puppy's parents to avoid that mixtures between consanguineous dogs can cause genetic diseases in the animal. For the latter there is the pedigree that does not come to be more than a canine family tree.

All of the above is only the previous period before the puppy arrives home, only then will the real work begin which requires time, patience and much affection although as everyone knows, the rewards are much greater than the sacrifices.

Keep in mind that there are precious specimens of this breed that have been abandoned and that need a family, therefore, it is always advisable to consider going to one of them (even outside the Basque Country) and rescuing an animal from a of the many protectors. If you opt for this option, you should keep in mind that there are several requirements that you must meet. Among these are being of legal age, demonstrating responsibility in the care of your pet and signing a contract where it is certified that you will not use it for breeding. Likewise, the process verifies if you can adopt any specimen that has been previously abandoned, before being able to access a puppy with little birth time. Also in this case, once the puppy is acquired, you should take it to your local veterinarian to administer the corresponding deworming and vaccination plan.

On the other hand, there is the option of going to a breeder specialized in the breed. At present there are hardly any breeders dedicated to the Basque Shepherds. On the web, there is much and very good information about these beautiful animals and also, you can find references about breeders that are currently accepted by the associations of the breed. Remember that a responsible breeder is not a person who sells dogs, but a person who loves animals, opts for a particular breed and allows you to have one of their puppies, in exchange for it, you you help the parent by paying a sum of money. A responsible breeder will make you sign a contract, think that not only you choose a puppy but that the breeder also chooses you, because he is confident that you can provide a healthy and happy home for the animal.

Be very concerned about feeding the puppy during its first months of life, providing the special food for its age and weight, avoid allergies, indigestion and make sure it grows strong and healthy. Also avoid giving your puppy sweets, chocolates, seasoned foods ... For example, chocolate is a toxic food that does a lot of damage to dogs.

The Euskal Artzain Txakurra, like all dogs, needs to be educated and the earlier education is, the better habits they will acquire for the rest of their lives. He thinks that the puppy will do almost everything you do not forbid him, it is important to teach him (with positive reinforcements and never mistreating him) what is the space in which he can be in each moment, what is the place where he should do his needs etc. There are very good publications about it but keep in mind that you will receive thousands of different advice from different people so it is best to trust the experts. Think that when they see you with the puppy, everyone will want to tell you what you should do, just like in football or politics in which everyone thinks they are a better coach or president than the coach or president, in the world Of the dogs, the coach and the president are you, so in the end, you are responsible and you should avoid being confused with bad advice. To help you, here you can find specialized coaches tutorials.

When the puppy comes home, on more than one occasion (perhaps more than 100 times) they will behave inappropriately, remember that you are the one who should educate them, therefore, a bad behavior that lasts in time is cause for not have been corrected in time for you. If they misbehave, which is the most common during their time of puppies, since they are beginning to know their surroundings and everything is new, attractive and interesting for them and, in addition, they will want to explore everything with their sharp teeth, it is normal that if you leave it within reach, break shoes, furniture or any other object that they can catch with their mouth. Tell them when they are doing a behavior that you do not like with a strong and firm tone of voice, dogs are very good at capturing the different tones of voice. Remember that you do not have to be abrupt or mistreat them- Finally, so as not to confuse them with contradictory messages, remember not to consent for a while after reprimanding him.

Como a todos los perros (y diríamos que como a todos los seres vivos), al Pastor Vasco le gusta recibir cariño. Estamos seguros de que disfrutarás mimando a este hermoso perro. Así que acarícialo, dale tu amistad, demuéstrale que lo quieres y que es un integrante más de tu núcleo familiar.

Los veterinarios suelen recomendar no dejar salir de casa a los cachorros hasta los 3 meses de edad, por esta razón es importante recordar aquí lo que dijimos antes. Si un cachorro es separado de sus madre y hermanos muy joven y tu no lo sacas de casa hasta los 3 meses, el cachorro perderá un periodo importantísimo para su socialización lo cual determinará en gran medida su comportamiento futuro.

Educación del Perro Pastor Vasco

Como ya se hizo referencia anteriormente la mejor etapa para educar a un Perro Pastor Vasco, es en la época de cachorros. Ten presente que, además de las técnicas de entrenamiento profesionales que pongas en práctica, es necesario cuidar las necesidades emocionales del perro, por ejemplo, es vital que se sienta querido y que se identifique como un miembro más de la familia, o en sus términos, de la manada.

Igualmente, es importante entender que un perro que no sea estimulado física y mentalmente se aburrirá y puede buscar entretenimiento rompiendo cosas o, en general, liándola en casa. Con esto no queremos decir que haya que cansar al perro hasta la extenuación lo cual es un error, en la etapa de cachorros los perros necesitan el descanso de la misma manera que jugar y experimentar, de hecho, un ejercicio excesivo será perjudicial para su crecimiento. Como en todo en la vida, la clave la encontraremos un perro al que se le de actividad buscando un punto intermedio.

El Pastor Vasco es de fábrica un very smart dog, por lo tanto aprenderá con facilidad cosas como: dónde debe hacer sus necesidades, qué objetos puede tomar y cuáles no, e incluso algunos trucos.

Los Euskal Artzain Txakurra poseen características naturales que los hacen idóneos para el pastoreo, a fin de cuentas, la raza lleva varios miles de años dedicándose a ello, no obstante, si deseas que tu Pastor Vasco te ayude en tus labores de pastor, es muy importante que comiences a enseñarle desde cachorro. En la actualidad también se pueden conseguir clubes de pastoreo deportivo aunque aun en España este deporte no se encuentre extendido mas que en unos pocos clubes concretos. El Perro Pastor Vasco es muy inteligente y muy protector, así que te será muy sencillo aprovechar esas cualidades. Pronto comprenderá que en su labor de pastoreo, él es el que manda al rebaño, por lo que logrará organizarlo con éxito.

Cuidados del Perro Pastor Vasco

Todas las razas de perro necesitan cuidados especiales para que puedan disfrutar de una vida plena. El Perro Pastor Vasco necesita que se le peine diariamente, ya que al tener el pelaje algo largo, se debe evitar que se le formen nudos. Igualmente esto nos ayuda a reducir la cantidad de pelos que se dispersarían por la casa en caso de no retirarlos con un peine.

Su alimentación debe ser la adecuada para su tamaño y peso, en eso te asesora su veterinario. Las comidas altas en grasas y proteína son recomendables, pero no cualquier grasa, por lo que debes asegurarte de que le estás alimentando correctamente. Evita darle sobras de lo que comes. La comida que nosotros ingerimos contiene especias y otros elementos que no son apropiados para la salud del perro.

Usualmente estos perros deben bañarse entre cada 15 y 30 días, sin embargo es algo que dependerá de cada ejemplar y su pelaje. Para esto es importante seguir las sugerencias de tu veterinario.

Si quieres que tu Perro Pastor Vasco, viva sano y fuerte, llévalo regularmente con el veterinario. Mantente atento a las vacunas y vitaminas que pueda necesitar durante su etapa adulta, pues es común que se descuiden estos controles cuando los perros llegan a su vida adulta.

Historia del Pastor Vasco

The historia del Euskal Artzain Txakurra, un bello y fiel perro, ha quedado registrada desde el siglo XVI donde aparece retratada en algunos frescos europeos. Lo que da indicios de que solían ser mascotas de familias acaudaladas y de importante posición en la sociedad.

En la primera década del siglo XX, fue cuando se empezaron a integrar al trabajo del pastoreo, esto se debió principalmente a la proliferación de lobos en la región los cuales solían atacar a los rebaños. Los llamados Euskal Artzain Txakurra fueron mezclados con otras razas de perro más grandes para que pudieran desempeñarse como pastores y como cuidadores.

Fue en el año 1995, específicamente un primero de junio, cuando la Royal Canine Society of Spain, reconoce la raza Euskal Artzain Txakurra como Perro Pastor Vasco.

Por ser una raza localizada geográficamente el número de ejemplares es limitado. Actualmente se cuentan menos de 1000 ejemplares de esta raza. No obstante se les reconoce en todo el mundo su disposición y gran inteligencia para el pastoreo de los rebaños.

Con frecuencia se organizan competiciones de pastoreo, eventos que se llevan a cabo en algunos lugares de España donde el perro Pastor Vasco encuentra la posibilidad de exhibir sus dotes de ordenar y organizar los animales de granja. También compiten en categorías como belleza, agilidad, obediencia e incluso rescate.