Animals

How to attract birds to your garden

Are you looking for a way to attract birds to your garden or balcony? Do you dream of waking up listening cheerful melodies? Then you have arrived at the right place, in this article of Animal Expert we give you 5 tricks so you know how to attract birds to your garden. Of course, you should know that these little animals are scary, so you should have a lot of patience.

Once the birds discover that your garden is a good area to travel, eat and rest, you will enjoy the presence of very diverse birds, depending on where you are. Keep reading and discover 5 tricks to attract birds to the garden:

1. Offer them food

To start you must inform you about endemic birds of the area in which you live, in this way, you can know what their favorite seeds or fruits. Then you must approach a specialized store to get seeds. If you have questions about which ones to choose, you can get a varied mix of different types.

You should know that food is the best claim What you can offer a bird. Once they understand that your garden is a good place to eat, they will come back to get more.

You can use a feeder you find in a pet store, make your own homemade bird feeder or use a container that you consider appropriate. It is important that the feeder has a easy access for birds but more complicated for squirrels or other animals. It should also be covered to prevent the seeds from getting wet when it rains.

The key to attracting birds to your garden is in the water and food

The quantity and variety of food that you leave in sight in your garden will directly affect the number of animals Come on. Although it is popularly believed that they should only be left with food during the winter, experts recommend doing it throughout the year.

Depending on the species that suits you and your plants more, consider what foods you choose for birds. Among the most common, we find:

  • Peanuts
  • Prepared seed mixtures that include sunflower seeds, oatmeal, birdseed and millet

Procure avoid foods with a high concentration of wheat, as they can attract mostly pigeons, which can harm more than benefit the fauna and flora of your garden.

The drinkersOn the other hand, they will also be decisive for them. The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds recommends a drinking fountain between 2.5 and 10 centimeters deep, which will allow bath to various species of birds.

Plants also play their own role.

Even if you fill your garden with drinking troughs, feeders and bathtubs, the true home of the birds will always be the trees. If in your garden you only have grass and an ornamental plant, your efforts are unlikely to bear fruit.

Start populating your garden with bushes and bushes that attract smaller birds, like starlings. The busier the better, especially if you live in an area where there may be cats that canput an end to your new bird population.

The rose bushes, thorns and honeysuckle They are some of the species with which you can start remodeling your green spaces. Any plant that gives fruits, especially if they are fleshy, it will serve as a claim for the birds. The blackberry It is one of the most popular wild plants.

Fresh or dehydrated fruit

The fruit is highly prized by birds, especially among zorzales and blackcapped warblers. Pieces of apples or pears, even very ripe, strung on a wire and hung on a branch will attract many birds. They will also appreciate half coconut hung upside down.
The most appropriate feeders for this type of food are those of the “prick and hang” methodology, such as the one shown below.

It is very common to find mixtures of seeds to feed the birds, although it is important to control the quality. Some examples of seeds are:

  • Pipes: adored by paids, excellent mosquito hunters and other invertebrates, it is interesting to have them nearby.
  • Millet: The favorite of sparrows, accentors, greengroves, scribes and doves
  • Corn: For blackbirds and accentors
  • Thistle seeds: their high oil content makes them quickly devoured.

The feeders for this type of food are shown in different formats. It is important to be able to hang it from branches where they are protected from predators (such as cats).

Many species eat it. Opting for the integral is the best option, since we will also provide you with an extra seed.
Important: Moisten the bread before feeding it to the birds so that they do not swell in their stomachs.

It's time to think about nests

If your garden is large and has tall and leafy trees Where birds can build their own home, you just have to place the sources of water and food as close as possible to the branches.

Yes, on the other hand, your garden is smaller and only has low plants and shrubs, you can facilitate the task well by buying nests made, all right doing yours and placing them in different strategic points of the land. The most popular materials are wool, paper and wood. The ideal would be leave them as close as possible to food and water sources.

Once you've done all this, just wait. If you live in an urban area, the results may take longer to appear, but every effort ends up having its reward.

Grated cheese

If you want to attract Robin to the garden (which, by the way, usually accompany their piscolabis with a second dish of flies and mosquitoes), grated cheese does not fail. The robins like to eat on the ground, a little dish in a visible place and far from predators.

The tallow cakes are a very nutritious and attractive food for birds, especially during autumn and winter, but a good supplement all year round. They will approach carbonero and blacksmiths, spicy, blue climber, warblers, redheads, etc.

You can buy them already made to make them yourself, here you have a simple recipe to make them.

Flowers that must be planted to attract birds.

Many birds prefer weed seeds to cultivated flowers, but it must be borne in mind that the former, in addition to being antiseptic, are not appropriate for a garden.

If we want to attract the greatest variety of beautiful birds, we must give up any insecticide or herbicide: most of these products are toxic and can kill or sterilize the birds that came to eat or inhabit the treated areas.

We can plant flowers that have seeds, such as sunflowers and asters, not in a hurry to cut the stems when they are dry.

Water will attract the birds.

Birds are attracted to food as well as water, whether for drinking or bathing, especially in urban and built-up areas, where dry weather causes a great shortage of water.

The ideal solution would be a small pond, with shallow edges so that the birds can walk in it. We can replace it with a bowl or bowl with a few centimeters of water.

garden drinker

Birds bathe in both summer and winter, although an intense cold reigns, for example blackbirds and sparrows, enjoy bathing even if the temperatures are freezing.

Product available at Amazon.es

Once the birds have been attracted to food and water during the summer, a time with many provisions normally, they are morally obliged to provide it during the winter, when they are scarce.

During the cold weather more birds will be attracted if we plant bushes with berries in our garden or terrace. The list of berries would be endless, but the berries for which the birds feel more predilection would be:

  • Elder.
  • Aligustre
  • Snowball.
  • Black hawthorn
  • Holly.
  • Majuelo
  • Juniper.
  • Aligustre
  • sauco strike
  • snowball
  • juniper
  • majuelo
  • holly

The mistletoe loves Blackbirds, a beautiful bird with a beautiful song.

Foods to attract goldfinches, greenfinches, greens and many smaller birds.

Actually, berries constitute their natural food, but with artificial food we can achieve an exceptional result, whether they are food scraps or prepared foods and placed in appropriate containers.

It is important to note that most of the food will be eaten by larger species and sparrows. Hence it is necessary to distribute it properly.

The favorite foods of almost all birds are:

  • Fatty meat or marrow.
  • The crusts of ham or bacon.
  • The chopped tallow.

Both bones and meat must be cooked, otherwise there is a risk of disease spread.

Secondly, the main preferences of the birds would be:

  • The cheese.
  • Bread.
  • Whole bread.
  • Hazelnuts
  • The coconut.
  • The peanuts

With nuts you can easily attract the coalmen both the vulgar coal and the Garrapinos coal, we can also feed with picapino nuts, the latter usually feel a weakness for whole nuts.

With peanuts we can approach the wonderful goldfinch, to finches and even some jay.

The apples will fill you with the garden of common blackbirds, they don't resist them.

Food prepared from seeds and grains will attract all kinds of fringilids.

Be very careful with the coconut, it should never be offered dry or grated, the birds cannot digest it and it will cause them to die.

Naturalist's manual (how to observe nature)

Living in an environment surrounded by animals is the dream of any naturalist, and using some simple tricks we can achieve it, whether we live in the countryside or in a city or if we have a garden or just a balcony or a window sill .

The more variety of food we offer, the greater the variety of birds that will come to the feeder.

The bird feeders

One of the best ways to attract birds is to offer them food. For this, the ideal is to install one or more feeders. They can be a plastic dish with some holes to drain the water from the rain and suspended from a pole or hung from a branch, or more elaborate, of wood and with a roof that protects it from the rain. Ideally, it should have at least 150 cm. perimeter If space is not available, the feeder can be attached to the wall of the house or secured by the window sill.

An original trough is also a beautiful garden ornament.

At the time of placing it we have to look for a place from which we can observe the evolution of the birds without disturbing them too much (near a window, for example) or use a hiding place to hide and, much more important, from where they can see with time to run away from a cat or other predator that stalks them.

A simple feeder with a roof like this will be a great help for birds during the winter.

Some birds, such as the charcoal, will feel more comfortable juggling while pecking the food suspended from hanging baskets. These baskets will be made with a wire mesh that we will roll on circular wooden bases. A fresh coconut split in half and hung upside down from a branch will also delight these birds. We can likewise, string a peanut from a wire and hang them.

The fruit attracts many birds.

You can prepare a kind of porridge with various types of seeds, breadcrumbs, cookies, cornflakes and oatmeal and other food scraps that will be mixed with a cooked egg and a little water will be added to mix everything well without It is very liquid. This porridge can be glued to the walls of half coconut shell that the birds have already eaten or to a small pot or other container that we will hang upside down. It is convenient to change this mixture periodically to avoid staleness, especially in summer. For birds that are not able to eat hung from these containers we can pour the mixture directly on the feeder.

The coal workers will do pirouettes to obtain the fruits of these peanuts skewered with a wire.

To attract as many bird species as possible, we must offer a variety of foods: food remains, bread, seeds as varied as possible, pieces of apple and other fruits, oat flakes, nuts (never salted). To attract the insectivores buy food for them in specialized establishments, we can also buy fly larvae in the fishing stores or "grow" ourselves, just leave a piece of meat on the air and the flies will come immediately to put in him his eggs. On the feeder we can also put the dish of a pot with water so that the birds can drink and bathe. It is important not to cut off the food supply, especially the winter, at which time, if it snows heavily in your area, the feeders contribute more effectively to the protection of birds (provided they are not covered with snow).

In the Americas, hummingbird feeders offer sugary liquids.

Nest boxes

It is quite simple to ensure that, in addition to eating, birds breed around us. For this we must offer them suitable places to nest. Classic nest boxes are simple to build. You only need some 1.5 cm wooden boards. thick approx. (from 2 cm. make work more difficult than necessary). They consist of a drawer with the sloping roof attached by a hinge to another table located behind that is used to tie the nest to the tree trunk. If we attach it to a wall we can nail it or screw it. They can have access with a hole or have an open front, with a base of 20x20 cm. and a height of 20 or 25 cm. ahead and 25 or 30 cm. behind behind. Here we show you in detail how to build a nest box.

If we offer some peanuts in the nest box, the coal workers will find it right away.

29 mm holes. they will allow the passage to blacksmiths and agateadores, one of about 50 mm. It will let larger birds like redheads and starlings pass, but if there are many sparrows they will probably nest.

Some birds, such as robins, prefer nest boxes with open fronts. This type of nest is best placed somewhere where it is protected or semi-hidden by vegetation, such as a wall covered by climbing plants, for example.

Simple nest box with gable roof.

A larger box, with a base of about 45x20 cm. and a front opening of at least 10x12 cm. It will stimulate small nocturnal and corvid raptors. If we expand the base to 50x30 cm. We may get him to nest some kestrel or a hawk.

It is important not to disturb the birds that are nesting too much. When the nesting season is over, the box must be cleaned. We must wear gloves to manipulate the nest, as it could have fleas. We can then see what material each species has used for its construction and maybe find some remaining eggshell or an egg that has not hatched and that we can collect for our small museum.

If we have time and imagination, we can decorate the nest box so that it looks more in the garden.

It can also happen that a bat uses the box as a shelter. If you want to build suitable boxes to shelter bats, instead of practicing a hole or an open front, make an entrance at the bottom with the shape of a horizontal crescent

Garden plants

Putting nest boxes and bird feeders is a good way to protect them, but if we have a garden, we will provide more effective help, not only to birds, but to many other species of animals, planting trees and shrubs that offer food and shelter . A natural hedge composed of the greatest possible variety of wild shrubs with berries, vines and a tree, such as a walnut or a cherry, offers shelter, food and place to raise thousands of animals.

If we leave an area of ​​the garden with dry leaves fallen in autumn, blackbirds and thrush will find sustenance in insects and worms that will feed on the decaying matter.

Plant species that offer shelter and food to wildlife should not be lacking in any garden. These are elderberries.

Some of the species that we can include in our natural garden are: honeysuckle, elderberry, red elderberry, dogwood, hawthorn, hawthorn, wild rose, barberry, hazelnut, juniper, cherry, world, yew, holly, beech, sunflowers, hunter serval. Aromatic wild flowers such as heather or rosemary will attract insects, which are the food source of many other animals.

If the garden is large enough, plant an oak or an oak, a walnut, a chestnut tree or any tree in the forests of your locality. The last two grow faster than the first, especially walnut. Planting native trees is the best way to preserve and attract local wildlife.

Without a doubt, the ideal complement for a wild garden is a pond with frogs, toads, newts, dragonflies, water lilies.

locals call

To attract the largest number of birds to your feeders, help familiarize yourself with the types of wild birds in your area. Attracting and feeding wild birds requires a basic knowledge of the types of birds found in their geographical region and in their local environment.

Even within the same geographical region, a periphery plot can attract different species of wild birds at an urban construction site or a large rural property, which makes it important to understand what types of wild birds are in your area and visit Your backyard habitat.

Bluebird Photo by Thomas A. Hermann (Public Domain)

Fauna and flora friendly Gardens Encourage birds, bats and bees to visit

2. Offer them a refreshing bath

Did you know that birds love to bathe? Especially In summer, birds enjoy soaking in small ponds or rivers, but it also helps them prevent and eliminate their parasites or remove debris from their plumage. You can use a container or install a small fountain.

It is important that clean it often since when defecating and urinating in it the birds could get sick or stop coming. If you have never seen a bird bathing before, you will be very surprised when you see it.

Bring native

Wild birds have evolved to eat natural berries and seeds produced by trees, shrubs and wild flowers. They also feed on the variety of insects that are attracted to the flower nectar and those produced from native plants.

Plant a variety of native shrubs, perennials and annual natural fodder increases available for visiting birds and other wild animals. Flowers and flowers attract insects, beneficial elements for wildlife habitat and as a prey for bug catchers, including flycatchers, Martins and tiles.

Trees and shrubs provide cover to escape predators and protect against the elements. Hanging some niches gives birds that nest in cavities a safe place to raise their young, encouraging generations of birds to establish their residence in their garden.

With a little planning ', each site can become a refuge to attract and feed wild birds.

3. Offer them a n>

Whether to procreate or simply to take refuge, the birds they love nests. You should make sure that the entrance hole is small enough so that they do not feel threatened in the presence of any predator. It should also be at a considerable height so that they feel safe.

You can make the inside of the nest more fluffy coconut fiber, available in any specialized pet trade. In addition, the booths that you will find in the market are currently really beautiful.

Add a water fountain

Wild birds need fresh, clean water every day to drink and bathe, and they are attracted by the long distances away from the sound of movement and splashing water.

Rinse and refill the bird drinkers every day, it is to provide fresh and clean water to drink from the birds, as well as places for the elimination of growing larva mosquitoes.

If space permits, a small garden pond is a permanent source of water and adds another important means to attract frogs and other wild animals. A small pump in our pond creates enough water flow to supply a small stream. Running throughout the year, birds and other animals are attracted to the source of water from the sounds of splashing water. The constantly moving water also prevents the current and the pond from freezing in everything when it is cold, giving birds access to fresh drinking water during the winter months.

4. Offer them a suitable environment

Another trick that you can use to attract birds to the garden can be the planting of shrubs, trees and specific plants. It is important to understand that they will feel comfortable in a habitat that they consider "natural."

Some birds can feed on the nectar of some flowers or take refuge and look for food in certain bushes. Here are some examples of plants to attract birds to the garden:

  • Vancouver Jade
  • Cornel
  • Eleagno
  • Forsythia
  • Black alder
  • Dwarf Honeysuckle
  • Azalea
  • Japanese yew

The buffet is open

Some wild birds prefer seeds, some eat berries and fruits, while others hunt insects and insects. Offering a wide range of food sources and different types of backyard bird feeders will increase the number and types of birds attracted in your garden.

Correspondence food sources for wild birds in your area, as well as the types of birds you want to attract, greatly increases the chances of attracting birds to feeders. A bird full of feeder hanging black sunflower oil attracts perching birds including climbers and great tit. Gold finches come to bird feeders full of thistle or Nyger seeds and spikes cling sebum feeders. Cardinals and mourning pigeons eat sunflower and safflower seeds, only visit tray style feeders.

Recent studies indicate that feeding wild birds throughout the year does not have a negative impact on the capacity of natural fodder birds. In contrast, wild bird feeding throughout the summer is a constant source of food during periods of bad weather or times when natural foods are scarce. Backyard bird feeders should be kept clean and full of fresh bird seeds to discourage the spread of the disease.

5. Do not disturb the birds

Being constantly hanging around the birds or moving the utensils is something you should avoid completely if you want to attract birds to the garden. Birds value tranquility, security and comfort, so your presence will not help them want to settle in your garden.

We recommend you place the nests in a high place and use feeders or swimming pools with a large capacity, to approach the area as few times as possible. We also recommend cleaning or changing the seeds in the quietest moments of the day, when they are not present.

If you want to read more articles similar to How to attract birds to the garden?, we recommend that you enter our Curiosities section of the animal world.

What kind of Seed What do birds eat?

Offering a variety of wild bird seeds from a number of different types of feeders scattered in the yard at different heights will increase the number and variety of birds attracted in the yard in search of a free meal.

Here is a brief list of common birds in North America, and the type of food for wild birds that attracts them. Fill your backyard bird feeders and ring the dinner bell!

Analysis of unwanted visitors

Backyard bird feeders can attract some unwanted guests who are looking for a free meal and very willing to share with the birds.

Squirrels are persistent to the point of being funny in their quest to empty the contents of bird feeders. Rugged squirrel feeders and baffles offer some protection against these marauders, but their tireless attacks will ultimately reward them with some stolen seeds.

Consider the extinction of ground feeders and trays filled with corn seeds and cracked by squirrels, and are more likely to let other energy supplies alone.

Other visitors could be bigger problems, and maybe even dangerous. Raccoons, bears and elk can even visit feeders in the backyard in search of an easy bite. Pets are creatures of habit and if they find their backyard bird feeders, they are likely to come back again and again for a free meal. In most cases, the best option to deter these unwanted and potentially dangerous visitors is to eliminate power supplies for a bit. "After a few visits, without success, they can go to another place for food.

If you live in an area with a population of bears, consider waiting until the weather becomes colder and the bears hibernate before laying the bird feeders.

Eastern Gray Squirrel Photo by BirdPhotos.com (Domain Movie)

The Certification Program of the National Wildlife Federation

For more than 35 years, the National Wildlife Federation (NWF) has encouraged homeowners, schools, businesses and municipalities to incorporate the needs of local wildlife into their landscape design.

So far, the NWF has recognized the efforts of nearly 140,000 people and organizations that plant shrubs and native plants for food, shelter and places to raise their little ones, including providing a source of drinking water, and adding bird nests. They nest cavity.

Please visit the website for NWF additonal information in your official Certified program habitat