How is the Dachshund breed


The three most important factors within the characteristics that a good Dachshund must have are morphology, work and character, the latter being the most important. It is no use having a very nice dog, very correct within the breed standard or a great working dog, if it is not a balanced dog, it makes no mention of being called man's best friend.

The Dachshund is a lively, playful, highly sociable, very brave dog and a courage that often has no limit and in some cases it costs them their lives. It is a dog of his master, hence the great success he has had, a dog that can be at home perfectly adapting to a house in a city, playing with the little ones of the house, going for a walk with the grandfather to the park and the weekend go to the hunting ground.

It is a very intelligent dog, it has a stubborn and stubborn reputation, although it is true, we cannot ignore that if it were not the Dachshund as such it would not be a Dachshund. How can you not stand a Dachshund hours and hours if necessary underground, harassing a fox or as in its home countries, a very same fabric. It has been created for that and is in the most intrinsic part of his soul, he likes to work in a team, so he is a very social dog, it is easy to meet owners who have more than one copy in their domicile and live in total harmony.

You know what your place inside the home is perfectly, although I recommend to all those future owners of a Dachshund that they allocate it for company, that before acquiring the puppy they do a small test of Campbell and that also let the breeder advise, since to date it is the one that has shared the longest with the litter, and that can teach the parents of the puppy and that we check the socialization they have and how they behave

Many features of the character are genetic, not all, and, as we have already seen, the character has its greatest imprint until practically three months of age, they are the deepest although later in their stage growth experiences will influence him, as is logical, so it is very important to leave the mother as long as possible with the puppies, even after weaning. She will be in charge of teaching her the language of the dogs and with the games of the brothers she will learn what the hierarchy is, which for us will be the basis for later the Dachshund that we will have at home know what your site is and your role in the home. If we do not do this correctly we can find animals with many problems.

If the dog grows up being separated from his family we can have a big problem because he may think that he is a human being and not a dog. This can lead to the fact that when he meets other congeners he demonstrates aggressiveness or the opposite, that he avoids them, simply because he does not know how his language works.

As for the role of the breeder, it is essential to take the puppies, to play with them, that before we open our eyes we take them and have them in our hands for some time. I know big problems for dogs that have not lacked a feeding, that were clean, but have not been touched or manipulated, and more than puppies look like foxes. That is why you should not buy a dog ahead of time due to calendar rush, for a birthday, Christmas or other dates, or worse, for a breeder to take it off before it reaches two months and means, medium.

We have to know that the Dachshund, when he comes home, is not a stuffed animal or a small ball of hair, remember that apart from being highly sociable, it is a dog with its own character and very independent. As many owners tell me: `` This one goes to your ball. '' That is why we must, from the first moment, treat it as it is, like a dog, and not try to drive it crazy, because we can make the animal a mess. You have to present it to the family little by little and, as I say, put it in its place in the first few days, leave it alone for the first 24 hours, which alone will already be in charge of looking for the whole family in the next 24 hours.

The Dachshund, as I mentioned before, is an intelligent and fast dog, he knows who is the family's alpha. All of us who have this race know of his smoothie, who professes looking at us with those little eyes with which he tells us everything.

It is very rare to find an aggressive Dachshund, it is very protective of their own, it is not uncommon to find them under the baby's crib, as was my case, and endure all kinds of kennels until satiety without getting angry, run to the door To protect your house.

It is not a barking dog in excess, like other small breeds, but it makes it clear that he is at home and that there are people inside. I know several cases of older people who have echoed this virtue and that they are authentic fans of this race because they see themselves and help them to warn them, give them security, and also with the added advantage of their size, because a larger dog could push them and throw them to the ground.

Another treasure of this dog is that it is being used in our country for its great qualities for therapy with children and elderly people in nursing homes. As it is not the typical lapdog and with that own way they have they are able to captivate anyone, because yes, small it is, but it is also big-hearted, sweet, they make us laugh at home with his pranks and the typical face of not breaking a plate, what a great dog.

If our dachshund accompanies us during hunting sessions or simply has a high physical activity, it will be highly recommended to feed it with natural products of high biological value such as those offered by NAKU, a natural and healthy alternative to feed conventional.

I can only finish this article by commenting that the person who has a Dachshund at least once in his life will always remember him, and moreover, in most cases he will no longer change. of race, and that has a lot to say about the character of the Dachshund, simply wonderful and unique.


  • Height at the cross: from 17 to 25 cm depending on the variety
  • Weight: 3.5 kg maximum (kaninchen), 4kg maximum (dwarf) and 9 kg maximum (standard)
  • Cap: unicolor (from yellow to reddish), harlequin, tabby or bicolor (the most frequent black or brown with fire marks)
  • Aptitudes: hunting dog (burrow, blood dog, scout, tracker) and companion dog
  • General ranking:Small dog breeds
  • Classification according to the AKC:Group 2: Tracking dogs and hounds
  • Classification according to the FCI:Group 4: Teckels or Dachshunds> Teckels or Dachshunds

By the name of Dachshund or Dachshund many will not know what dog is being talked about, the truth is that most of us know him by his gastonomic nickname hot dog.

In the Middle Ages, hunters already took advantage of the curious morphology of Basset so that it would get into the narrowest burrows. It seems that the Dachshund It comes from this breed and from the fourteenth century the term already appears in Germanic writings Dachshund (badger dog) to designate our short-legged dog. Among the German dogs we find some races (the Hanrove, the Bavaria and the Dachsbracke) that could have been crossed with the Dachshund ancient to conform it as we know it today. In Germany he was used as a hunter and when he left for Britain he became a recreational dog. In 1873 the Kennel Club recognized him as a race.


He Dachshund It is balanced, strong personality and very barking. Sometimes he is stubborn and stubborn. It is said that it is a playful dog, with initiative and quite sociable although sometimes it can be distrusted with certain people. He is good with children and elders and likes to be pampered and rewarded.
It adapts easily to very different environments.

There are three varieties of Dachshund in relation to hair: short hair, long hair and hard hair. Within these three varieties there are also three sizes: the standard, the dwarf and the kaninchen.
He Dachshund It is a short, elongated, compact and short-legged dog in relation to the body. It has an elongated head and implanted ears high, back and falls. The tail is long and implanted in the extension of the back line.


Some Dachshund They tend to gain weight, either due to lack of exercise or their food whims.
It is advisable to educate this dog firmly so that he knows from the beginning who is in charge.

He Dachshund It is a vigorous and long-lived dog, although due to its constitution it usually suffers from intervertebral disc disease. Eye problems may also occur in some specimens.

Tips for buying a Dachshund

Searching for a puppy online carries risks. To be clear about the professionalism of the hatchery with whom you contact, we recommend that.

  • You make sure that your questions are answered, that you know the connoisseur of the breed (that attends dog shows), and that it offers to keep track of the puppy after the sale. Is it implied, or is it limited to setting a price?
  • See if it is recommended by other breeders, or if it has references from satisfied customers.
  • Make sure that it has affix, that its dogs are registered in the LOE and have pedigree in order. Keep in mind that processing a puppy's pedigree is not expensive, distrust phrases such as "if I give it to you with a pedigree it will be much more expensive." More information about the prices of a puppy
  • I give you guarantees in relation to health problems, physical, hereditary. Does the puppy deliver with veterinary primer, chip, vaccinations, deworming and veterinary checks a day?
  • You ask him to show you his facilities and let you see the specimens. Are they disease free?
  • And finally, remember that puppies need a minimum of two months with their mother before being delivered. Be wary of who wants to speed up the process.

Physical characteristics

The neck is long and muscular enough, with the skin well glued, without jowls, it is slightly arched at the nape of the neck and its bearing is free and well erect. The sternum is strong and quite prominent, with the thorax high and wide, the rib cage is oval viewed from the front, with the ribs rather flat. The belly is very retracted and the rump is long, rounded, compact, very slightly inclined towards the birth of the tail.

The standard Dachshund (Dachshund) has a thoracic perimeter greater than 35 centimeters.
The Dwarf Dachshund (Zwergteckel) has a thoracic perimeter between 30 and 35 centimeters.
The Miniature Dachshund (Kaninchenteckel) has a thoracic perimeter smaller than 30 centimeters.

There are three types of hair, hard, short and long.

Short: Thick, bright, smooth, well attached to the skin, but strong and resistant, without showing areas without hair. The tail of the short hair variety has thin and bushy hair, but it is not too hairy. The somewhat longer protective hair should not be penalized at the bottom.

Lasted: With the exception of the snout, the eyebrows and the ears, on the whole body there is a regularly glued, thick outer wire layer mixed with the inner layer of hair. A well marked beard forms on the snout. The eyebrows are bushy. In the ears, the hair is shorter than in the body, almost straight, and in the tail the hair is well developed, is uniform and appears very close.

Long: Provided with an inner layer of hairs, it is smooth, shiny and well attached to the body, lengthens under the neck and in the lower part of the body, protrudes in the ears and has clearly more hair on the back of the extremities long shaped tufts. The longest hair is at the bottom of the tail, where it forms a true flag.

There are several colors admitted and all are accepted in the three varieties of hair, although the wild boar color is much more frequent in the Dachshunds of hard hair.

Single-colored dogs: Red, red-yellow, yellow, all colors without or with black mottling. Clean color is always preferred and red is more appreciated than red-yellow or yellow. Also the dogs very splashed with black are included in this category and not among the dogs of other colors. White is not desirable, but in the form of small spots it is not eliminatory. The truffle and nails should be black, and although the reddish-brown color is allowed, it is not desirable that they have this color. These colors are accepted in hard, short and long hair varieties.

Two-color dogs: Deep black or brown, all with rusty red or yellow fire marks above the eyes, at the sides of the snout and lower lip, on the inner edge of the ears, on the sill, on the inside and back of the limbs, on the feet, around the anus and from here to a third or half of the bottom of the tail. The truffle and nails should be black in black dogs, meanwhile, in brown dogs the truffle and nails are of the same color. White is not desirable, but in the form of small spots it is not eliminatory. Nor are too widespread fire marks desirable.

Spotted dogs (harlequins, tabby): The basic color is always the dark color (black, red or gray). Irregular gray spots are desirable, but also beige (very large spots are not desired). Neither dark nor light should predominate. The color of the Tabby Dachshund has darker stripes on a red or yellow background. Truffle and nails as in single or bicolor dogs.

Boar color: Intermingled color of light and dark hairs, reminiscent of the boar's mantle, which can be very dark or lighter, like that of dry leaves.

General information

It is practically impossible to know exactly where this breed comes from, but it does seem very old because dogs very similar to the German Dachshund were known - meaning "badger dog" - already in the late Middle Ages. This is evident in the representations of very similar dogs to him dating from the fifteenth century.

They don't know each other either the types of dogs that intervened in its development, Although authors as prestigious as John Hutchinson Cook say that his lineage began in Austria, where he arrived in Germany around 1477. However, not all experts agree on this, since some claim that it comes from German races, for example, the Dachskriegen, the Wachtelhund and the Huhnerhund, all of them missing today.

It is also considered the possibility that in its origins blood of “terrier” with short legs (Scottish Terrier, for example) was included as a form of enhance their qualities for underground hunting, both in foxes and rabbits burrows. However, his brave character made him also be used for big game, such as wild boar.

Its country of origin is Germany, but a curious fact is that the oldest club of this breed is British, which was founded in 1881. Of course the Deutscher Teckelklub It was founded very shortly thereafter, in 1888.

From its origins there are three varieties of hair, but its projection was very different, for example, from the 395 specimens registered in 1890, three were of hard hair, five of long hair and the rest of short hair. The same did not happen with sizes, since it was necessary to wait until 1925 for the recognition of miniature and dwarf varieties.

Such is the importance of the Dachshund as a hunting dog that for the International Cynological Federation It has its own group, the IV, to which belong the three types of hair that includes the standard (short, hard and long) and the three sizes (standard, dwarf and miniature).


Due to its evolution as a hunting dog, in general the Dachshund is very confident, curious and brave. He is also cheerful and very affectionate, so living with him is easy. Instead, since he hasn't lost his hunting instinct, you need activity to keep your temper balanced and discipline when it comes to answering the owner’s call. There are few dogs of this breed that are lost on a walk in the countryside following a trail.

Of course, with proper education we will enjoy a versatile and friendly dog, something fundamental to live with their peers.

With the children he is very friendly, playful and affectionate, in addition, as he has a high energy level, They can spend hours running and playing together.

For prevent him from developing anxious behavior You need to exercise enough, this does not mean that you should be running all the time, but a good daily walk. It is also convenient to devote time to the game, something for which you have no age.

As he is very intelligent and affectionate, his training is easy, but for some jobs he needs a professional coach. In any case, the training should start from puppy because it is stubborn and you run the risk of becoming difficult to change behaviors as an adult. So much so, that sometimes the help of a professional expert in canine behavior may be necessary.

Hairdressing and maintenance

• The easy handling, small size and little care required, including the variety of long hair, make this breed one of the most requested to live in the city, but since he has not lost an iota of his hunter instinct it is appropriate to keep him well trained and under control.

• It is possible that the varieties of hard and long hair require some more aesthetic care, especially if they go to exhibitions, but when they live at home it is enough to brush regularly (more in the time of molt) and bathe if they are very dirty. This is done with a conventional comb and brush, but if you have any questions about how to brush And what to use is better to ask a canine barber for advice.

• To maintain the shape of your body, the variety of hard hair needs a special haircut, It is better to leave it to a professional.

• Placing your ears, resting on your cheeks, may cause you to have a certain tendency to suffer from otitis, but it is very easy to prevent with basic hygiene.

• Worships water, with which He will dive into a river or a swamp without thinking. Beware of this during field trips.

• In addition to exercise you need an adapted diet because the weight gain It can be a great enemy for him.


Despite their size, the teckels are famous for their brave character, and they will face animals much larger than them. Some may be aggressive to strangers and other dogs.

The teckels are faithful companions and good guard dogs. They get along well with children if they are treated well but they can be slightly difficult to train.

Some fans of teckels argue that there are personality differences between the different variants of the breed. For example, the long-haired Dachshund is quieter than the straight hair variant, and the most extroverted and funny hard hair.

The teckels were raised as hunters, so it is not surprising that many like to dig. Some are also barkers, and they are quite destructive.


It may surprise you how well it moves and runs when you see how short its legs are, but being a dog resistant to exercise and very active, Your back may have some disorder in old age.

Because of its shape and complexion, it is recommended that jump as little as possible, But this seems intrinsic to their behavior.

It reaches maturity at 10 months of age, At which time it is advisable to give a food specially formulated for adult Dachshund, a premium meal with the amount of vitamins, proteins and other nutrients necessary to meet your energy level, maintain your muscle tone and help reduce tartar formation Thanks to calcium chelators. As this special meal has croquettes with a special size, shape and texture, proper chewing and easy grip are achieved.

• It is not strange true demanding and anxious appetite in this breed, So a wet food has been formulated for her. This food can be combined with dry food even if the dog is not capricious with food, and as it is a complete food, if necessary it can be used as an exclusive diet.

• He dachshund puppy You need care from the moment you arrive at your new home, so you should have everything ready, both the containers for food and water, as a quiet place where you can rest without being disturbed. It is also important to be careful with the cables and keep cleaning products out of reach.

• In case of doubts about the health of your puppy, consult them with a veterinarian. Do not worry if they seem unimportant, such as cleaning the ears or cutting nails. You should also follow the veterinarian's instructions regarding vaccines and deworming.

• The best way to ensure that a puppy becomes a balanced adult dog is facilitate correct training, more when it comes to a very intelligent race that knows how to get away with it.

• If you want get the pedigree of a Dachshund puppy, the breeder must have previously registered it in a register. There you will be given a receipt that you then give to the new owner, who must go with him to the same registry to obtain the pedigree itself.

• From 2 months of age, the puppy's feeding should strengthen your immune system and combine nutrients in proportion and quantity in order to meet their nutritional needs and ensure full growth. The options are Mini Puppy, sold in specialty stores, and Pediatric Junior Small Dog, which you can find in veterinary clinics.


Teckels have a tendency to suffer from disc problems due to their long back, so they are not a good option for someone who has many steps at home. To further protect the back of the dachshund, you should not be allowed to jump to get on or off a piece of furniture, and you need to keep your weight under control.

The smooth-haired dachshund hardly requires hair care, except for occasional brushing or scrubbing. For the variant of long hair, it is recommended to brush and comb the hair on a daily basis, in the case of the Hard-haired Dachshund it requires a start at least twice a year. The molt level of this breed is considered medium.

The dachshund (German dachshund) was raised in Germany centuries ago to hunt badgers. Dach means ‘badger’ and sink means ‘dog’. The three types of dachshund (straight hair, hard hair and long hair) originated at different times. The straight-haired man was the first and emerged from a mix between a miniature French Pointer and a Pinscher. This breed comes in two sizes: standard and miniature, the standard being the original size.

It has strong and short legs that allow you to dig up prey and get into burrows. The larger versions of this breed were used to hunt deer or foxes. The smaller teckels were raised to hunt hares and ferrets.

This breed is still used for hunting, mainly in Europe, while in North America this dog is usually used as a family pet. In fact, it is one of the most popular AKC races.