German shorthaired pointer

The story of the German shorthaired Pointer begins with the dogs that were used for the hunting of birds with net and for the flight hunting, practiced mainly in the Mediterranean countries. The sample dogs arrived at the German princely kennels through France, Spain and Flanders. The main quality of these dogs was their ability to show prey.

TRANSLATION: Canófila Mexicana Federation, A.C. and Antonio M. Fernández Domínguez.

ORIGIN: Germany.


UTILIZATION: Multi-purpose hunting dog.

FCI CLASSIFICATION: Group 7 Sample dogs. Section 1.1 Continental sample dogs, Braco type. With proof of work.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: The story of the German shorthaired Pointer begins with the dogs that were used for the hunting of birds with net and for the flight hunting, practiced mainly in the Mediterranean countries.The sample dogs arrived at the German princely kennels passing through France, Spain and Flanders. The main quality of these dogs was their ability to show prey. The use of the sample dog since the invention of the two-barrel shotgun (1750) became even more important. The hunting was thrown on the fly in front of the dog, this was the first stage of the road between a pure sample dog and a multi-purpose hunting dog. The decisive document for the functioning and development of the breeding appears in 1897: it is the «Zuchtbuch Deutsch-Kurzhaar» (book of the origins of the German shorthaired Pointer). It was Prince Albrecht of Solms-Braunfels, who established the characteristics of the breed, the rules of the morphology judgment and, finally, the basic rules of labor tests for hunting dogs. Nowadays, the German shorthaired Pointer is selected thanks to a breeding regulation and to some work tests that the versatile hunting dog must have, such as the shorthaired German shorthaired Pointer. This allows you to meet the hunting requirements even in old age.

GENERAL APPEARANCE: It is a noble and harmonious dog, whose constitution indicates strength, endurance and speed. Its erect bearing, its fluid lines, its thin head, its good tail bearing, its rigid and shiny fur, as well as its broad and harmonious movements highlight its nobility.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: The length of the trunk should slightly exceed the height of the cross.

TEMPERAMENT / BEHAVIOR: Energetic, balanced, reliable and subdued, neither nervous, nor shy, nor aggressive.

HEAD: Slim, marked, neither too light nor too heavy, corresponding in length and volume to the body shape and sex.


Skull: Sufficiently wide, slightly bulging, shallow occipital process, not very deep frontal groove, visibly well developed superciliary arches.

Naso-frontal depression (Stop): Moderately developed.


Truffle: A little outstanding, with sufficiently open, wide and mobile nostrils. In principle brown, but black in black or black-roan dogs. A truffle with spots or flesh color is admitted only in dogs whose coat has a white background.

Snout: It is long, wide, deep and strong to facilitate the correct collection of the prey. The nasal cane shows a slight convexity in profile, which can go in a nobly arched way to a slight elevation in relation to the horizontal, all this much more accentuated in males. A straight nasal shaft, equally admissible, is less appreciated. The concave nasal cane constitutes a serious fault. FCI-St. N ° 119 / 25.04.2001 4

Lips: Adherent, not too droopy, well pigmented. From the truffle, the lips fall almost vertically to the point where they separate and then extend with a slight curve to the moderately marked lip corners.

Jaws / Teeth: The jaws must be robust with a perfect, regular and complete denture, articulated in scissors, that is to say that the upper incisors must cover the lower incisors in close contact. You must have 42 healthy teeth placed vertically on the jaws.

Cheeks: Strong, with good musculature.

Eyes: Medium size, neither bulging nor sunken. The ideal color is brown. The eyelids should be tight.

Ears: Medium length, high and wide implantation, smooth, hang flattened and glued to the sides of the head, with rounded tips. Not too fleshy, not too thin. Put forward, they arrive near the corner of the lip.

NECK: Length proportional to the body, progressively widening towards the shoulders. The neck very muscular and slightly arched. The throat skin rigorously adherent to it.


Top line: Straight and slightly descending.

Back: Strong, with good musculature. The spinous processes must be covered by the muscles.

Loin: Short, wide, muscular, straight or slightly arched. The solid and compact dorso-lumbar transition.

Croup: Wide and long enough, not ending abruptly, but leaning only slightly towards the tail. Very muscular. FCI-St. N ° 119 / 25.04.2001 5

Thorax: Deeper than wide, with a well-marked sill, the sternum reaching back as far as possible. The sternum and elbow joint should be placed at the same height. Ribs well arched, not flattened or barrel-shaped. Back ribs well descending.

Bottom line: Enjuta, ascending slightly with an elegant backward curve.

TAIL: Of high implantation, strong in its insertion with gradual thinning to the tip, of medium length. For use in hunting should be cut approximately in half. At rest it falls, in motion it carries it horizontally and not too high above the back line, it should never be considerably bent. (In countries where the legislation prohibits the cutting of the tail, it can remain in its natural form. It should reach up to the hock and be carried horizontally or slightly in the form of a saber).



Together: Seen from the front, they are straight and parallel, in profile they are well placed below the body. Shoulders: Scapula oblique and well glued, tilted back. Vigorous and tight muscles. Good angulation between the scapula and the arm.

Arm: As long as possible, with good muscles that are not thick.

Elbows: Attached to the body but not tightly pressed, they do not have deviations outwards or inwards, they are placed well behind. Adequate angulation between the arm and forearm.

Forearm: Straight, with enough musculature. Strong bones, but not thick. Carpal joint: Strong

Metacarpus: Minimum angulation between the forearm and the metacarpus, never in an upright position.

Previous feet: They can be round or spoon-shaped, with fingers close together and sufficiently arched. Strong nails. Hard and resistant pads. Their positions are parallel, without presenting deviations outward or inward, both at rest and in motion.


Together: Observed from behind are straight and parallel, with good angulations. His bones are strong.

Thighs: Long, wide and muscular. With good angulation between the hip and the thigh.

Knees: Powerful, with good angulation between the thigh and leg.

Legs: Long, muscular and tendon. Good angulation between the leg and the metatarsal.

Tibio-tarsal joint (hock): Powerful.

Metatarsus: Strong and vertical. Posterior feet: According to the previous ones.

MOVEMENT: Wide with a lot of drive, with a corresponding stride. Anterior and posterior members straight and parallel. Behave upright. Ambladura is not desirable.

SKIN: Well glued, without forming folds.


Hair: Short and tight, it must be rough and hard to the touch. On the head and ears should be thinner and shorter. Not visibly longer at the bottom of the tail. It must cover the entire body.

• Brown, without spots.
• Brown with small white spots or mottled on the chest and limbs.
• Brown ruano with brown head, plates or mottled brown. The basic color of a dog described in this way is neither brown with white nor white with brown, but the fur forms such an intimate mixture of white and brown that results in a discrete exterior appearance that is highly prized for practical use during hunting . Frequently the color is lighter in the inner part of the hind limbs as well as at the tip of the tail.
• Light brown ruano with brown head, brown or mottled, or without plates. In this type of color, brown hairs are less numerous and whites dominate.
• White, with brown head, with plates or mottled brown.
• Black color with the same nuances as brown or Roman colors.
• Yellow fire spots are allowed.
• An elongated and scratched white spot on the forehead and beautiful mosques are allowed.

SIZE: Height at the cross: Males: 62 to 66 cm. Females: 58 to 63 cm.

LACKS: Any deviation from the aforementioned criteria is considered as a fault and its severity is considered to the degree of deviation from the standard and its consequences on the health and welfare of the dog.
• General construction faults, insufficiency in the type inherent in sex.
• Snout too short.
• Very heavy, or very light, belts.
• Missing of two teeth (PM1 and M3), that is to say that of the four PM1 and the two M3, there can be more than two teeth to the maximum.
• Eyes too light, raptor eyes (light yellow).
• Ears too long, or too short, or too heavy, or too narrow, or coiled ears.
• Flaccid skin in the throat.
• Slightly convex back (tent back).
• Group too short.
• Chest too deep.
• Very tall tail bearing above the dorsal line or very bent tail.
• Elbows or feet deflected outward or inward. Very open or very closed fingers.
• Posterior angles too straight.
• Hocks slightly in barrel, cow or closed.