Pneumonia in dogs: causes, symptoms and care


Pneumonia in dogs It can be given by lots of different causes, such as viruses, bacteria, parasites or fungi. Luckily it is not very common, but it is still recommended that you be informed about it if you have a dog. In this article we talk about canine pneumonia.

Causes of pneumonia in dogs

Pneumonia disease in dogs can have very varied causes:

  • Bacterial or viral infection. It is usually given by an infection in the respiratory tract, such as distemper or canine influenza, resulting in pneumonia when it worsens.
  • Treatments with corticosteroids, chemotherapy or for chronic diseases, which weaken the dog's immune system.
  • Chronic bronchitis and tracheal collapse.
  • Inhalation or aspiration of a solid or liquid element that infects the lungs.
  • The intake or aspiration of toxic or smoke It produces chemical pneumonia.

In either case, if your dog has pneumonia You may be in serious danger and need treatment. If you think your dog has been exposed to any of these causes of pneumonia, go to the vet!

Symptoms of pneumonia in dogs

Many times, our dogs are exposed to dangers without our noticing, so Your pet may have pneumonia and don't know it. How can you suspect? The usual symptoms are:

  • Cough with phlegm
  • Sneezing
  • Fever
  • Lack of hunger
  • Apathy
  • Deep and / or rapid breathing>

As you see, Not all symptoms are compatible with each other, but it is that pneumonia in dogs can occur differently in each case. Also, since these are symptoms common to other diseases, you will need to go to the vet to confirm if it is pneumonia or another disease.

Treatment of pneumonia in dogs

The treatment of pneumonia in dogs it will be done differently depending on the cause:

  • If it's about pneumonia caused by aspiration of a foreign object, it will be necessary to remove it. It is usually done by suction.
  • If it's a bacterial pneumonia, your dog will need an antibiotic treatment for several weeks
  • Likewise, if it is for a virus, fungi or parasites, medical treatment will be sought more appropriate for each case.
  • In any case, Bronchodilators are useful medicines to make your dog easier to breathe.

It is important that you go to the vet in any case, but It is especially urgent if your dog has a fever and mucus. Don't give him cough syrups! It is good that he coughs to expel all the mucus. During the process X-rays will be monitored to monitor the evolution of the lungs.

The prognosis of the disease depends on the severity, Generally, cases of pneumonia in dogs caused by bacteria or viruses are usually cured without much trouble, but if it is inhalation pneumonia, the dog may die.

We hope we have helped you understand pneumonia in dogs a little better. Remember to always trust your veterinarian!

Gingivitis in cats: causes and symptoms

The pneumonia It is an inflammation of the lungs that can be caused by bacteria, parasites, fungi, foreign bodies or allergens. And as we can get it, pneumonia can also affect our dog. Therefore, it is important to know the symptoms in order to detect and transfer our hairy to the veterinarian as soon as possible, who will confirm the diagnosis and give us a series of care and treatments to follow.

Fortunately, pneumonia is not common in healthy adult dogs, but is more common in very young, older dogs or dogs with a weak immune system due to chronic diseases or medications. You want to know more? Keep reading!

Care and treatment

The treatment of pneumonia will depend especially on the severity of it. It will be the veterinarian who will indicate the most appropriate treatment, which will usually consist of taking antibiotics for several weeks.

Other of the cares that we can carry out are to create a warm environment for the rest of our dog, to follow a correct feeding or to install humidifiers to keep its airways moist (upper part of the respiratory system). As for recovery, it will depend largely on the correct administration of the medication and the severity of the pneumonia.

If you need more information or have any questions, do not hesitate to contact our team. In Vesal Veterinary Clinic we will be happy to assist you.

Symptoms of pneumonia in dogs

Dogs with pneumonia may never show signs of this disease. When symptoms are present, one or more of the following may occur:

  • Cough
  • Sneezing
  • Fever
  • Loss> The cough is wet (with phlegm or mucus) and bubbling, indicating fluid in the lungs. Dogs with severe pneumonia often sit with their heads extended and elbows forward to allow further expansion of the chest.

Prognosis of pneumonia in dogs

The prognosis for dogs with pneumonia depends on the cause and severity of the dog's disease. Dogs with uncomplicated pneumonia generally have a good prognosis. Most cases of bacterial pneumonia can be treated successfully. Acute aspiration pneumonia accompanied by severe respiratory distress could cause death. If the underlying cause of the pneumonia is not identified and corrected, the recurrence of the disease is very likely.

Causes and types of canine pneumonia

The first thing we should know is that pneumonia in dogs is an inflammation of the lungs and respiratory tract, which can occur due to very different causes. Depending on the area of ​​the lung that is affected, we can distinguish between one type or another of pneumonia.

The most common cause of this disease usually has to do with infectious agents, such as canine distemper virus or the canine influenza virus. But it's not always like this. Sometimes, pneumonia can be caused by harmful substances (chemical pneumonia), by defects in the dog or by the presence of foreign bodies such as seeds or parasites.

In the latter cases we will be faced with pneumonia of non-infectious cause. In addition, this medical condition can also be classified according to the predominant cells or the reaction it causes in the lung.

Be that as it may, it is important that the veterinarian can determine the type of pneumonia that is so that the treatment is the most appropriate in each case. To do this, you must first perform a series of diagnostic tests. But which dogs most affect this condition?

Pneumonia in small dogs and newborns

In general, it is uncommon for a healthy adult dog to have pneumonia. Yes it is more frequent in puppies, in elderly dogs and among those with chronic diseases.

For newborns there is a specific type of pneumonia: aspiration or inhalation pneumonia, which occurs when aspirating or inhaling an infected fluid.

What are the symptoms of pneumonia?

Although the symptoms of canine pneumonia can vary in each case, the most characteristic are:

  • Fever
  • Apathy or depression
  • Loss of appetite
  • Sneezing and wet cough, with phlegm or mucus
  • Accelerated breathing and rapid pulse
  • Thick nasal discharge
  • Trouble breathing

If this set of symptoms manifests in the dog, take it to the veterinarian as soon as possible so that he can examine it and perform the corresponding tests. Only then can you leave doubts.

To be able to make a diagnosis and confirm or rule out pneumonia, radiographs, blood tests and other tests such as bronchoscopy, a procedure that allows you to see the airway and collect samples of secretions and tissues, will surely have to be performed.

Treatment to cure pneumonia in dogs

Depending on the severity and type of canine pneumonia, the veterinarian will recommend a treatment for each case. Typically, in bacterial pneumonia, antibiotics are prescribed for a minimum of three weeks. Dogs with pneumonia caused by a viral infection, by fungi or parasites may require other specific medications.

During the treatment it is important that we are especially vigilant and that we follow the instructions indicated by the professional to the letter. We place special emphasis on this point because pneumonia, if complicated, can lead to chronic disease and, in the most extreme cases, the dog can die.

What is canine pneumonia?

Pneumonia is a serious disease that causes inflammation of the lungs that can be caused either by a weak immune system that has not been able to fight bacteria, viruses, fungi, spikes or internal parasites, or because the animal has eaten something contaminated.

In general, the most common pneumonia is viral caused by two viruses, distemper and canine influenza, and bacterial pneumonia.

A priori, the prognosis of bacterial pneumonia is usually good if caught on time. However, two other secondary diseases can be derived from this disease: hypoxemia and sepsis.

All dogs, regardless of sex, age and breed, can suffer from this disease, although it is true that large and mixed breed dogs, puppies, seniors and sports dogs are usually more exposed.

Is canine pneumonia spread to humans?

As we have seen throughout this article, pneumonia in dogs can be of very different types and only those caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses or parasites can be spread.

However, almost all agents involved in pneumonia in dogs are exclusive to that species, so it is very unlikely that a pneumonia infection between dogs and humans can occur.

Care for a dog with pneumonia

When caring for a dog with pneumonia, there are several guidelines to follow that can help you recover. The main care your hairy partner will need are:

  • Proper feeding and to satisfy him, because what we want is for him to eat.
  • Provide a warm place, quiet and comfortable.
  • Administer the medication that a professional indicates, without skipping any dose.
  • If the environment is very dry, try keep the dog's airways humidified.

Following these indications we can have more vigilance and better control the state in which it is. If there are signs of worsening, don't even think about it: go back to the vet as many times as it takes until our friend has recovered.

In most cases, dogs with mild pneumonia have a very good prognosis. The key, in fact, is that it is possible to identify the cause that causes it and eliminate it, so that, after treatment, this condition will no longer return.

Symptoms of canine pneumonia

As we have already pointed out, this disease can become very dangerous for our dog, so a prompt action is essential.

For this we must know what are the symptoms that develop with pneumonia in order to detect and act.

The symptoms in each dog can vary and even in some cases detecting them is very complicated, since some dogs show no sign. Despite this, the most common symptoms that can be seen are:

  • Cough with phlegm
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Sneezing
  • Respiration problems
  • Weightloss
  • Slowness
  • Runny nose
  • Sounds when inhaling and exhaling
  • Dehydration
  • Fast breathing
  • Apathy
  • High heart rate

As you can see, these symptoms can coincide with other diseases. However, if you see that your dog has any of them, you should go to the veterinarian to examine and treat him.